The Law

Title IX states that "no person in the United States shall on the basis of sex be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance"

The law forbids sex discrimination in all university student services and academic programs including, but not limited to, admissions, financial aid, academic advising, residential life, athletics, discipline, recreational services, health, wellness and support services, academic assignments and grading.  Title IX also forbids sex discrimination in university employment and recruitment consideration or selection.

Sex discrimination includes a variety of behaviors which can limit or negatively impact educational opportunity.   These behaviors include:  sexual harassment, sexual violence, stalking, relationship violence (dating, domestic and intimate partner violence), gender identity, gender presentation and sexual orientation discrimination.

The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) in the U.S. Department of Education is responsible for enforcing Title IX. OCR engages in compliance enforcement to ensure that institutions which receive certain federal funds comply with Title IX.

Source: U.S. Department of Education website,